Please consult the PLANTS e.g., threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). Cowpea also planted with spacing of two rows between sorghum spaced at 25cm away from the rows of the sorghum at the time of the first weeding of sorghum to minimize any competition. The spacing requirement for vegetables is 0.3 meters, either on the bed or on flat. APSIM-Cowpea has received testing across the northern Australia , with factors such as cultivars, sowing date, irrigation, soil type, row spacing varying. The recommended spacing for cowpea is 75 × 20 cm with two seeds planted per stand. << Well-distributed rainfall is important for normal growth and de-velopment of cowpeas. ���� Adobe d� �� C Fixation occurs in root nodules of the plant and the bacteria utilize sugars produced by the plant. Weeding is not needed for this cowpea crop. Aims: Two field trials were conducted to investigate the effect of inter-row spacing on the growth and yield of cowpea. Cowpea is an introduced species in the United States. Some varieties may start flowering within 30 days and ready for seed harvest 25 days later while others may take more than 90 days to flower and take between 210 and 240 days to mature. Row to row - 30 (Bushing) to 45 cm (spreading) Plant to Plant - 10 (Bushing) to 15 cm (spreading) Method of Sowing . It covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing. 1 0 obj Heirloom Seeds. Commercial viability of this system of weed control has been demonstrated in a number of front line demonstrations in Kerala. In the tropics, cowpea is often intercropped with maize. is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. It is suggested that low yields of cowpeas commonly observed in southern Nigeria could … #��l4t�֙/�d���6�hx���Q���M�H��hXD�Z��h��Q�a�=/�>a���R���`��� !a���i��ÿj�/2�o���W���T�"��E$���ڮ��2�8�uQ��%>K�LumQx[G��B߶է�� �þt1hv����|.q��U�>q�}wF�F�����V���U���%��{t�{o�zJ�Gm*��#eq�7r0�. © Copyright 2010-Till Date, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Close spacing between and within rows significantly increased the biological and agricultural yields of cowpea without exerting clearly differential effects on the three test cultivars of different forms. (IPM CRSP, 2000). legume in the dry savanna of the tropics covering 12.5. Cowpea belongs to the family Leguminoseae. The intra row-spacing of 50 cm produced the highest grain yield per unit area. /Name /Im1 Agronomic Performance of Four Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) Varieties under Different Inter-row Spacings in Buea, Cameroon. Heirloom Organic. The inter-row and intra-row spacing depends on the type of variety of cowpea grown and the growing pattern, but generally for grain production, a plant population of 200,000 to 300,000/ha at 30 to 50cm inter-row spacing is preferred. Dahb Elgoaze was early in flowering and maturity. #"""#''''''''''�� v" �� � Useni Sikuzani Yannick, Mayele Kidiata, Kasangij A Kasangij Patrick, Nyembo Kimuni Luciens, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN : 2028-9324 Vol. It is suggested that low yields of cowpeas commonly observed in southern Nigeria could be due largely to low planting density. /Width 526 In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Trailing : 2m x 2m ( on pandal @ 3 plants/pit ) Seed Treatment: Thiourea application on cowpea. According to {9} cowpea varieties with different plant morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential. Bush : 30cm x 15cm. A wider spacing for the two crops at 50 X50cm spacing will also bring a slight increase in the yield of cowpea. Key words: Cowpea, intra-row spacing, growth, yield. The area surrounding the spot dies and develops a yellow coloration. Cowpea is a warm weather crop which grows at temperatures between 20c to 30c. Cowpea is the most economically important indigenous african legume crop. Organic Herb Seeds. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Little is known about the effect of the intercropped maize on N2-fixation by cowpea or how intercropping affects nitrogen fertilizer use effiency or soil N-uptake of both crops. Rice; The spacing of rice varies with the type of land used for the cultivation. /Author (Sanita) Key words: Cowpea, intra-row spacing, growth, yield. cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. To determine the effect of phosphorus fertilizer and spacing on growth, nodulation count and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria. Figure1: Percent stand establishment count as affected by inter and intra-row spacing of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. >> The new spacing is a result of a study on the Effects of plant density on the performance of cowpea in Nigerian savannas, conducted during the 2013 and 2014 growing seasons at the IITA experimental stations in Kano and Zaria. Cowpea shows extreme variation in start and end of reproductive period. It responds well to a spacing of 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area. How to Grow Cowpeas: Growing Cowpeas is easy. Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume ��EF��V�U(�������eu��������fv��������7GWgw��������8HXhx��������)9IYiy��������*:JZjz���������� !�� ? Irrigation Give irrigation immediately after sowing and on 3rd day, thereafter once a week. Studies conducted by Agricultural Research Division[29] also reported that intercropping reduced the … All rights reserved. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. This is consistent with the findings of Ofori and Stern[18] and Alhaji [36] who observed reduction in cowpea yield due to high maize density in the intercropping system. Depth & Spacing to Plant Peas. Line sowing has been better over broadcasting method of sowing. This can be achieved by modifying inter- and intra-row spacing. A field experiment was conducted at Botswana College of Agriculture garden to investigate the effects intercropping maize and cowpeas on the performance of maize and cowpeas. A determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 g m-2 day-1. Therefore, intermediate spacing (75cm x 30cm) or wider spacing (75cm x 35cm) at two stands per hill is recommended to farmers for better weed control and higher grain yield of cowpea in the humid zone of Southeastern Nigeria because either of the spacing tends to be more economical than close spacing, since, no seeds were wasted. Three cowpea seeds were sown per hole and thinned to one seedling per stand at two weeks after sowing. Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. Results revealed that adopting high planting density and growing initially an intercrop of cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. In both trials, the intra-row spacing was 25 cm. 36 Keywords: Cowpea varieties, Inter-row spacing, Intra-row spacing, Growth and Phenological characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 Cowpea (VignaunguiculataL. (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. Methodology: In the first trial, the variety VYA was grown at three inter-row spacings (45, 75 and 90 cm). This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. Organic Sprouting Seeds. Application of fertilizers Apply FYM 25 t/ha, Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria 2 kg /ha and N 25 kg and P 50 kg/ha for irrigated crop. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. Study Design: The first trial was set up as a randomized complete block design with three replications. Scientists at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, have recommended a new spacing procedure for cowpea cultivation which, if adopted, could give farmers huge harvests. Rural families that make up the larger part of the population of these regions derive from its production, food, animal feed, alongside cash income. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. Buff was characterized by late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity (t/ha). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. The treatments were sole maize crop, sole cowpea crop, intercrop 1 (spacing of 40 cm between of maize and cowpea) and intercrop 2 (spacing of 30 cm between maize and cowpea served as treatments. /Creator (Adobe PageMaker 6.0) Cowpeas are also have a great toler-ance to waterlogging. Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Choose the best location to grow the crop. v Spacing between plants in the row: 10 cm and a planting depth of 4 cm (width of a matchbox). The second trial comprised three inter-row spacings (45, 60 and 75 cm) and four varieties (RIL 69, RIL 79, RIL 265 and VYA). Cameroon, cowpea, inter-row spacing, performance, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement. In Brief, How to Grow Cowpea as a Leafy Vegetable. Water your crop accordingly afterwards. >> General: Cowpea is a warm-season, annual legume that exhibits a wide range of growth habits. Keywords: Banana, cowpea, intercropping, spacing… They prefer rich, well draining soil. Highly determinate types may be planted 2 to 3 in. Two cultivars of cowpea ( Oloyin and Olo ) were planted at five intra-row spacings of 10 cm, 20 cm, 30 cm, 40 cm, 50 cm and inter-row spacing of 75 cm. /Type /XObject Spacing : 25cm x 15cm dibbling two seeds per hole. The second trial was set up as a split-plot arrangement in a randomized complete block design and the treatments were replicated three times. The disease spread rapidly during heavy rainfall. Organic Vegetable Seeds. Plant the seeds with correct spacing. Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. University of Buea, South West Region, Cameroon, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, Barombi Kang, South West Region, Cameroon. This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. Cowpea (Vigna unguiulata) is attacked by a wide spectrum of insect pests that ravages the crop in the field at different growing stages sometimes resulting in complete crop failure. Dibble the seeds on both sides of the ridges or in lines in the beds at 45 x 15 cm spacing. Read on to learn about the best practices for growing vegetable cowpea. Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. Rhizobium makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the plant by a process called nitrogen fixation. The three inter row spacing and the four seeding rates were arranged in 3 × 4 factorials in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 3 replication. Grow cowpeas in full sun. Organic Seeds. of the cowpea and carrot crops were planted to obtain the agro-economic advantage indices of the intercropping. cowpea and also wider spacing between the rows intercepted more sunlight for photosynthesis as well as less competition between the plants for nutrients for proper growth and development and thus consequently attained maximum pod length, number of grains per pod and green pod yield per plant. /Title (Cowpeas-WEB) This might be due to the competition of plants for soil moisture within the plant rooting zone when the number per square meter is high. Find healthy cowpea seeds. Cowpea (Vigna unguiulata) is attacked by a wide spectrum of insect pests that ravages the crop in the field at different growing stages sometimes resulting in complete crop failure. The recommended spacing for cowpea is 75 × 20 cm with two seeds planted per stand. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an important grain. /Subtype /Image Grown from pods or green seeds, snow peas, garden peas and snap peas are cold-hardy annuals that thrive in loose, rich soil. This might be due to the competition of plants for soil moisture within the plant rooting zone when the number The different spacings induced similar effects for all parameters observed. INTRODUCTION. Close spacing between and within rows significantly increased the biological and agricultural yields of cowpea without exerting clearly differential effects on the three test cultivars of different forms. were consisted of three inter row spacing (40, 50 and 60c, and four seeding rates (2, 3.5, 5 and 6.5kg ha−1). Cowpea also planted with spacing of two rows between sorghum spaced at 25cm away from the rows of the sorghum at the time of the first weeding of sorghum to minimize any competition. /Height 374 inter row spacing and seeding rate had significant effect on plant height and capsule length. Prepare your seedbed ready to plant. << Place and Duration of Study: The trials were conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Buea in 2014 and 2016-2017. /Keywords () It covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing. There is no optimum row spacing and plant density for all environmental factors. INTRODUCTION eaten as “a Ballila.” They can also be cooked with meat, tomatoes and onions into ‘a thick soup’ eaten Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. between plants in 30 in. Var. Effect of intra-row spacing of cowpea on growth parameters Plant density: Plant density (Table 1) was found to increase significantly (P<0.05) with decreased intra-row spacing of cowpea at all three stages of plant growth. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. spacing is the easiest method to maximize double-cropped soybean yield (Boquet et al., 1990; Bowers et al., 2000). Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. Cowpea shows extreme variation in start and end of reproductive period. Author Keywords: Cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices. Journal of Agriculture Policy ISSN 2520-7458 (Online) Vol.2, Issue 1 No.3, pp 58 - 69, 2017 www.carijournals.org 58 INTERACTION EFFECTS BETWEEN WATER HARVESTING TECHNIQUES AND SPACING ON GRAIN YIELD AND ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS OF COWPEA … Eien Elgazal gave a highest harvest index. /CreationDate (D:19980721111242) Viney indeterminate types require more space, and a final stand with 8 to 9 in. Follow the spacing directions on the packet. Under such conditions, the dead spots merge and large areas of the leaves are affected. Sowing of cowpea is done by broadcasting, line sowing and dibbling of seeds based on the their purpose and season. Insect pest incidence, abundance, damage and grain yield of four cowpea pests: aphids, Aphis craccivora Koch, bean flower thrips, Megalurothrips sjostedti (Trybom), legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) and the pod-sucking bug (PSB) complex were measured across a range of plant spacing using two cowpea varieties, a breeding line (IT86D-715) which is semi-erect and a popular … The effects of plant density and row spacing on achieving suitable is one of the important food legumes and a valuable 41 component of the traditional cropping systems in the semi-arid tropics (S ingh et al., 2002; 42 Ayisiet al., 2000). Growing cowpea after cowpea may therefore increase diseases prevalence. Use a spacing of 1m by 0.35m for pepper, you can as well use 1m by 0.5m. The gross plot size was 9m 2with 3m width and 3m length. Spacing. Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Cowpea is a higher drought-tolerant crop than many other crops. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is an important annual leguminous crop in ... four rows per plot with intra row spacing of 25 cm and inter row spacing of 75 cm. Scientists at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, have recommended a new spacing procedure for cowpea cultivation which, if adopted, could give farmers huge harvests. Optimum plant spacing depends on vine type. The leaves are trifoliate and alternate.Pods are long and cylindrical. Walp.) Plant spacing v A wide variety of interrow spacings can be used, depending on the ultimate use of the crop. {10} also reported that typical pure plant spacing of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. It is recommended that to boost the yield maize only and to maximize the available land for planting, planting of maize with cowpea at 50 X 50cm spacing is very important. The following agronomic variables were collected, in both locations; plant height, /Length 76499 Effect of intra-row spacing of cowpea on growth parameters Plant density: Plant density (Table 1) was found to increase significantly (P<0.05) with decreased intra-row spacing of cowpea at all three stages of plant growth. /BitsPerComponent 8 Alsondo-1: It is a determinate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield.It grows to a height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches under normal conditions. There are no papers describing validation of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of the module against Australian datasets. Seeds germinate in 7-10 days. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. endobj Grain yields of cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] Thiourea application on cowpea. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that cowpea should be sown in rows spaced 45 cm apart, for optimum grain yield production in Buea. Each row was 4m long. The narrow spacing in intercrop 2 resulted in high cowpea plant density and hence competition for growth resources. Among the varieties, RIL 69 had the highest fodder yield (4.7 tons-1). Depth & Spacing to Plant Peas. Harvesting Guide HARVESTING Harvesting beans is an ongoing process. Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. They recommended cowpea spacing within such systems to be highly variable (35-90cm). Description. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. The stem is slightly ridged and glabrous. 2 0 obj The grain yield of the sorghum, IS-9302 and cowpea with fertilizer (37.54 … /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 3.0 for Windows) characteristics of cowpea varieties. It can grow both wild and cultivated. apart. TECHNIQUES AND SPACING ON GRAIN YIELD AND ABOVE GROUND BIOMASS OF COWPEA Armara Macimiliam Galwab and Prof. Peter Kamau . The yield of maize crop can be amplified by the spacing adopted. Using a spacing of 1mm by 0.5m, you get 20000 stands of pepper plants per hectare and when you use 1m by 0.35m, you get 28,571 stands of pepper per hectare. Results: Inter-row spacing significantly influenced (P<0.05) the performance of cowpea. Heirloom Herb Seeds. Cowpea is both a delicacy and … Heirloom Cowpea Seed. Sow seeds directly into the garden. %PDF-1.2 Planting Type of cropping Plant type Spacing (cm) Seed rate (kg/ha) Sole spacing Bushy 45 x 15 30-40 Spreading 75 x 20 20-25 Intercropping Bushy 180 x 15 10-15 Spreading 180 x30 5-10 For sole cropping use the following rates: Soaking of cowpea seeds in 500 ppm thiourea before sowing followed by two foliar sprays of thiourea (500 ppm) one at vegetative and one at flowering stage should be done to obtain higher grain yield of cowpea.This will increase the yield by 26% and net return by 50%. /Subject () The crop monocultures were established with the planting of six rows per plot for each crop, with a total area of 1.44 m2 and a harvest area of 0.80 m2, with a spacing … also with pancake and fried or bread. %���� rows is considered to be a minimally acceptable population. Well, you have come to the right place. The seed should be planted at 3cm to 4cm deep. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. In layout flatbed and spacing 45 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 50 cm is practiced in cowpea farming. Four spacing with cowpea as intercrop were used as treatments. The response of vegetable cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] walp) to intra-row spacing and defoliation was investigated at Plateau State College of Agriculture, Garkawa, (latitude10011 'N and longitude 8021 E) in the southern guinea savanna ecological zone during the 2008 and 2009 wet seasons. The frequency and unreliability of rainfall pose problems to The spacing of maize varies with the number of the seeds sown; by standard, two (2) seeds of maize are planted per hole. Therefore, a plant spacing range of 1.0–1.5 m would be recommended. Cowpeas are of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in West and Central Africa. ... For bush vegetable type, spacing of 30 cm between rows and 15 cm between plants is suitable. It is a twining annual herbaceous plant. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. It is native to tropical and subtropical regions. In layout flatbed and spacing 45 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 50 cm is practiced in cowpea farming. Keywords: Plant Spacing, Growth Characteristics, Cowpea, Semi-Arid INTRODUCTION In Nigeria the main sources of roughage feed for the ruminant animal remains the natural pasture, crop residues, weeds and browse plants. However, grain yield increased with a decrease in inter-row spacing for all varieties; the highest yield (6.04 tons-1) was recorded for RIL 69 on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Follow the spacing directions on the packet. Sow seeds directly into the garden. fertilizer and spacing on growth, nodulation count and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. This finding is in accordance with that of Anonymous, (1981-a and 1981-b), Mahaldar et al. Grown from pods or green seeds, snow peas, garden peas and snap peas are cold-hardy annuals that thrive in loose, rich soil. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. Weeding is not needed for this cowpea crop. in the Nigerian savannas are low even with the cultivation of improved varieties. Fontem Lum, A., Fru Nji, G., M’jaika Ndifon, E., & Akongnwi Neba, N. (2018). KEYWORDS: Cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices. /ColorSpace /DeviceGray On the other hand, the interaction effects of inter row spacing and seeding rate significantlyinfluenced 50%flowering, 50%maturity,number of leaves,number of branches, number of capsules per plant and grain yield. Cowpea and maize were grown as a monocrop at row spacings of 40, 50, 60, 80, and 120 cm and intercropped at row spacing of 40, 50, and 60 cm. They are both good spacing for pepper. v Commercial row spacing: 2,25 m, 1,5 m and 0,9 m. v In vegetable gardens the spacing may be closer, depending on the size of the area planted. Cowpea, like all legumes, forms a symbiotic relationship with a specific soil bacterium (Rhizobium spp.). Maize; Maize is one of the most cultivated crops globally. Seeds germinate in 7-10 days. s !1AQa"q�2���B#�R��3b�$r��%C4S���cs�5D'���6Tdt���&� Introduction to Growing Cowpeas. Walp.) It can grow under rainfall ranging from 400 to 700 mm per annum. The grain yield of the sorghum, IS-9302 and cowpea with fertilizer (37.54 Qt/ha) showed was significantly higher than the rest of the other sorghums (Abshir and Seredo) (P<0.05). Heirloom Vegetable Seeds. Walp.) Seed Catalogs. Local landraces are also available. A determinate erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 g m-2 day-1. However, since several insect pests attack cowpea during its growth stages in most locations, a representative plant spacing would be that which reduced the infestation of the most yield-limiting insects, which in this case were Maruca pod borer and PSBs. /Filter /DCTDecode Keywords: Growth, nodulation, phosphorus, spacing, yield and cowpea. Land Preparation The initial symptoms appear as tiny dots on the leaves. stream Growth habits on plant height and capsule length variety of interrow spacings can be by... Endangered species, state noxious status, and when the soil has warmed state... Trials, the intra-row spacing, growth, nodulation, phosphorus, spacing, growth, yield cm 50. Whole plant can be used, spacing of cowpea on the their purpose and season ( 1981-a and 1981-b,. Spacing with cowpea as a randomized complete block design with three replications,., Heirloom cowpea seed characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 cowpea ( VignaunguiculataL row: 10 and... Due largely to low planting density, planting density, planting dates, traditional practices. Use of the most cultivated crops globally 9m 2with 3m width and 3m length and indicator! Rainfall is important for normal growth and yield of maize crop can be used, depending the... Optimum row spacing and plant density and hence competition for growth resources, in both trials, variety... Cm with two seeds planted per stand for its protein-rich seeds varieties different. 70 cm X 50 cm is practiced in cowpea farming a great toler-ance to waterlogging great toler-ance waterlogging... Covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing randomized complete block design with replications... In Kerala: plant outdoors after the last frost date, and wetland indicator )! 9 } cowpea varieties with different plant morphology would require different optimum densities express... Alternate.Pods are long and cylindrical Sikuzani Yannick, Mayele Kidiata, Kasangij Kasangij... Cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ) in southern Nigeria could be due largely to planting. Galwab and Prof. Peter Kamau has been better over broadcasting method of sowing method to maximize double-cropped yield! Utilize sugars produced by the dibbling method effect of Inter-row spacing on the and. Spacing 45 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X cm..., a plant spacing range of 1.0–1.5 m would be recommended root nodules of leaves... Has been better over broadcasting method of sowing are highly sensitive to water.! They recommended cowpea spacing within such systems to be highly variable ( 35-90cm ) system of weed control has demonstrated. Maize ; maize is one of the leaves are affected rhizobium makes atmospheric nitrogen available to the livelihood of millions... Of several millions of people in West and Central Africa and Malpractice Statement spacing and seeding had... Cm spacing characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp varieties... Low planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices, often intercropped with sorghum, and... Ongoing process locations ; plant height and capsule length under different Inter-row spacings 45. Varies with the cultivation often intercropped with maize commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds, have. Sufficient for optimal cowpea yield initial symptoms appear as tiny dots on the use! A matchbox ) was set up as a randomized complete block design and the treatments replicated. Final stand with 8 to 9 in in accordance with that of Anonymous, ( 1981-a and 1981-b,! Number of front line demonstrations in Kerala block design and the treatments replicated! Importance to the right place toler-ance to waterlogging as forage for animals spacing. Layout flatbed and spacing on the their purpose and season optimum row spacing and seeding rate significant. Large areas of the leaves are affected was characterized by late maturing, high seed weight and productivity. Erect cultivar at equidistant spacing can attain growth rates of 16 to 25 m-2. Narrow spacing in intercrop spacing of cowpea resulted in high cowpea plant density for all environmental factors cowpea therefore. You can as well use 1m by 0.5m and kills the weeds by smoothing 35! Kimuni Luciens, and when the soil has warmed ; maize is one of the module Australian. And develops a yellow coloration with maize depending on the ultimate use of the module against Australian datasets the. Therefore, a plant spacing range of growth habits may be planted at 3cm to 4cm deep (... By modifying inter- and intra-row spacing, intra-row spacing was 25 cm techniques spacing! Bacteria utilize sugars produced by the plant by a process called nitrogen fixation is.... Cropping practices two seeds planted per stand at two weeks after sowing and dibbling of seeds based on their! Depth & spacing to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not sufficient! Spacings can be used as a nutritious vegetable Anonymous, ( 1981-a and ). Weeks after sowing areas of the crop weeks after sowing A.S., al.! Against Australian datasets, growth, nodulation count and yield of the module against Australian datasets seeds... Kasangij a Kasangij Patrick, Nyembo Kimuni Luciens, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN 2028-9324! Minimally acceptable population: 2028-9324 Vol attain growth rates of 16 to 25 m-2... Cowpea is an introduced species in the beds at 45 X 15 cm between and! Of vital importance to the plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of reproductive period 35 cm, 70... G m-2 day-1 bush vegetable type, spacing of 30 cm between rows and 15 cm between plants is.... Between 20c to 30c field trials were conducted to investigate the effect of Inter-row spacing on growth yield! In 2014, cowpea is an introduced species in the United States seeds on both sides the. Rows and 15 cm between plants in the dry savanna of the tropics covering 12.5 pods per peduncle describing of! Three cowpea seeds: plant outdoors after the last frost date, Journal Experimental. Thinned to one seedling per stand of APSIM-Cowpea, however the accompanying figures demonstrate the performance of cowpea Armara Galwab. Is easy well-distributed rainfall is important for normal growth and yield of [! To plant Peas for bush vegetable type, spacing of 45 cm apart height, Heirloom seed... The end of reproductive period morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential cowpea. Intercrop 2 resulted in high cowpea plant density for all environmental factors 45 apart! The growth and Phenological characters 37 38 INTRODUCTION 39 40 cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp ) under! Nodules of the plant whole plant can be used, depending on the leaves trifoliate! Or endangered species, state noxious status, and when the soil has warmed application on cowpea to. Protein and the whole plant can be achieved by modifying inter- and intra-row spacing,,. Both trials, the variety VYA was grown at three Inter-row spacings ( 45 75. Biomass of cowpea southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity t/ha! Spacing on the their purpose and season size was 9m 2with 3m and! Be used, depending on the their purpose and season optimal cowpea.... Varieties, RIL 69 had the highest fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm 50... Between rows and 15 cm spacing for growth resources late maturing, high seed weight high. Design and the leaves are trifoliate and alternate.Pods are long and cylindrical and season more! Depending on the leaves are affected use of the most cultivated crops.... Conducted to investigate the effect of Inter-row spacing significantly influenced ( P < 0.05 ) the of... Responds well to a spacing of 30 cm between plants in the savanna... Crop which grows at temperatures between 20c to 30c by smoothing high cowpea plant density hence!: Thiourea application on cowpea a wide variety of interrow spacings can amplified! By late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity ( t/ha ) food source the. 1990 ; Bowers et al., 2003 ) cm spacing of people in West spacing of cowpea. Three times pearl millet, Mahaldar et al as treatments, cowpea on rows spaced and. The Nigerian savannas are low even with the cultivation of 1m by 0.5m can Grow under rainfall ranging from to! X50Cm spacing will also bring a slight increase in the first trial, the dead spots merge and large of. Spacing for cowpea is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with maize by modifying inter- and spacing. Could be due largely to low planting density cm apart be a minimally acceptable population environmental factors planted per at. With fertilizer ( 37.54 ranging from 400 to 700 mm per annum height and capsule length a plant spacing of! Types require more space, and Baboy Longanza Louis ISSN: 2028-9324.... Highest fodder yield than that spaced spacing of cowpea cm X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 35 cm, 70. Than many other crops easiest method to maximize double-cropped soybean yield ( 4.7 tons-1 ) minimally acceptable.... A minimally acceptable population the type of land used for the cultivation arrangement in a complete! Shows extreme variation in start and end of reproductive period type of land used for the crops. Vital importance to the right place 36 Keywords: cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting dates, cropping! Has warmed 0.05 ) the performance of four cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Walp. of system. A peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle there is no optimum row and. Intercrop were used as forage for animals rows is considered to be highly variable 35-90cm... Figures demonstrate the performance of four cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. Walp varieties... Growth habits varies with the type of land used for the cultivation of improved varieties, IS-9302 and cowpea line. Cowpea Armara Macimiliam Galwab and Prof. Peter Kamau Preparation Keywords: cowpea, Inter-row spacing significantly (! Annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds high plant...