Jung’s proof of the collective unconscious was his concept of synchronicity, or the unexplainable feelings of connectedness that we all share. Jung and Freud develop an almost father-son relationship with Freud seeing the young Jung as his likely successor as the standard-bearer of his beliefs. Jung thought of Freud as “extremely intelligent, shrewd and altogether remarkable,” and Freud considered Jung his peer, even calling him “my eldest son,” and deeming him heir to his psychoanalytic process. Based on your research, respond to the following: Compare and contrast Freud’s view of the unconscious with Jung’s view and apply this case example in … That first encounter was ‘a meeting of minds’: the two talked for over twelve hours straight. Nevertheless, during this time, Carl Gustav Jung developed an important theory, making an immense contribution to psychology. A podcast dedicated to therapy, thought and the art of wellbeing! Harley Therapy Counselling Blog is the project of Harley Therapy™. These Archetypes are symbolically expressed through dreams, fantasies and hallucinations. Saturday & Sunday 8am-8pm, Harley Street While Jung still thought transference was a central problem for analysis, he did not share Freud’s traditional ideas. Jung claimed that it must have been of paranormal origin, but Freud angrily disagreed. But during sleep these restraining forces are weakened and we may experience our desires through our dreams. Stevens, A. Martino Books. Yes, I am a journalist Click here to confirm you are a journalist. ARE YOU A JOURNALIST WRITING ABOUT THIS TOPIC? Likewise to Freud, Jung was energetic and an exciting new prospect to the psychoanalytical movement. Freud and Jung. They both gave rise to the idea of an unconscious and the importance of dreams in understanding problems. As they talked it soon became clear that Freud had little time for such ideas and continued to discourage Jung from pursuing them. In 1909, Jung had visited Freud in Vienna to discuss Freud’s views on the paranormal. Freud’s position: He was a complete sceptic about all things paranormal. 1906. ©All Star Directories, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The close relationship she formed with Freud led … Jung’s relationship to Freud is a case study in Girardian psychology. It wasn’t just Freud’s ideas that Jung copied, but the desire to be their author. Freud’s Position: Freud believed that we could learn much about an individual through the interpretation of dreams. Thus, defence mechanisms allow a desire or thought to slip through into our dreams in a disguised, symbolic form – for example, someone dreaming of a large stick in Freud’s view would be dreaming of a penis. Their efforts in a dynamic field has made psychology school a popular choice of study—and students are getting online psychology degrees in … Jung, C.G., Freud, S., & McGuire, W. (1995). But in Jung’s view the unconscious was divided into the ego, the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. Upon his return to Vienna, Freud left the General Hospital and set up a private practice specialising in “nervous and brain disorders”. He declared that the human mind centres upon three structures – the id, the ego and the super ego. Take care that a falling statue does not strike you dead! His work has been influential in psychiatry and in … Jung writes that Freud went so far as to denounce art and culture as being the result of ‘repressed sexuality‘. What is the Therapeutic Alliance and Why is it Important? Freud had by now also developed his therapeutic technique of free association and was no longer practicing hypnosis. Freud’s Position: Although Jewish by heritage, Freud felt that religion was an escape for most people. In looking at Freud vs Jung, it is important to put the differences between them in the context of their personalities and also in the cultural time period of which they lived and worked. Jung’s Position: Religion in Jung’s view was a necessary part of the individuation process, and offered a method of communication between humans. Yet their paths were not always so different. History has closely associated these two who did so much examination of the mind in early 20th-century Europe, but the simple connection of their names belies a much more complicated relationship between the men themselves. Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and the founder of Analytical Psychology. Jung: A Very Short Introduction. Jung (1948) disagreed with Freud regarding the role of sexuality. He collected many antiquities, most of which were religious, and a Leonardo cartoon, ‘Madonna and Child with St Anne’ hung in his house. At the beginning of this colourful history was a friendship, a camaraderie based on intellectual prowess and impassioned desire to further the study into the unconscious psyche. Jung and Freud. In the Electra complex, this is reversed in that it is the female children who have sexual desires towards their fathers, and wish to remove their mothers. London Bridge. To many, Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud defined the world of psychology. The superego attempts to mediate the drives of the id through socially acceptable behaviours. That said ,Freud grappled with the problem of mythology and religious institutions for most of his life. Jung likened the collective unconscious to a reservoir which stored all the experiences and knowledge of the human species, and this was one of the clear distinctions between the Jungian definition of the unconscious and the Freudian. Religion and spirituality : Jung has a positive impact on religion. Unlike Freud, Jung believed that the three components were called Ego, Personal Unconscious, and Collective Unconscious. But this power dynamic changed, and along with it their friendship. If the figure of Sigmund Freud is important to understand the origin of psychoanalysis, the figure of Carl Gustav Jung is no less so. Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and the founder of Analytical Psychology. If you are a journalist writing about this subject, do get in touch - we may be able to comment or provide a pull quote from a professional therapist. Initially, he was a great admirer of Freud’s work, and after meeting him in Vienna in 1907 the story goes that the two talked for thirteen hours straight, resulting in an intense five year friendship. (2001). The Ego, like how Freud explained it, is the rational and conscious mind. Freud used to be that psychology is an empirical science. Because of Freud and Jung’s different points of view, most of us assume that the two disparate pioneers were enemies, or at least unfriendly toward each other; in truth, they were close friends for quite some time. This then moves on to sexual desire for the father. Letters Volume II To Wilhelm Bitter Dear Colleague 12 July 1958 The concept of Freud's super-ego is complicated by the fact that no proper distinction is made between conscious ethical decision and the customary virtually unconscious reaction on the part of our conscience. The next day, during the psychotherapy session, a real golden scarab hit the window – a very rare event! C.G Jung: Lord of the Underworld. Jung developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality, archetypes, and the collective unconscious. The controversies generated around the figures of Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung are innumerable and often controversial, in this article we will talk about the main differences between Freud and Jung. Modern Psychology: C. G. Jung’s Lectures at the ETH Zürich, 1933-1941 Lecture IV 16th November, 1934 We began last time, to speak of Adler, but before we continue to do so we will turn back to Freud, and I will give you a chart so that you may be quite clear about it. To a 31 year-old Jung, Freud embodied a not only an esteemed colleague, but also a father figure with whom he could open his heart and mind. Our mission is to improve emotional wellbeing through therapy and psycho-education. You had not yet sought yourselves when you found me. Sigmund Freud, born Sigismund Freud, was an Austrian neurologist born on the 6th May,1856, in a small town named Freiberg, Moravia (now the Czech Republic). Jung would dearly have liked to be the father of psychoanalysis himself. Freud’s theory believed our consciousness is a thin slice of the total mind and describes it in an imagine of an iceberg. This is clear from his dogmatic theories regarding psychosexual development, as well as the infamous theories of the Oedipus complex, and to a lesser extent, the Electra complex. In a case of the student becoming the teacher, by the time of his break with Freud in 1913 Jung was internationally known for his own contribution to psychological theory. Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud shared a personal relationship for many years, and Jung was the junior partner in these relationships. What Freud calls the super-ego is the operation of a complex which… He defines the therapeutic relationship in terms of his alchemic knowledge. On 27 February 1907, at Berggasse 19 in Vienna, Sigmund Freud fell in love. But while Freud had first thought Jung the heir apparent to psychoanalysis, the relationship between the two began to rapidly deteriorate. Instead Jung’s depiction of dreams concentrated more on symbolic imagery. And it is also valid to recognise that there are also significant similarities. It was also an individual's motivational source for seeking pleasure and reducing conflict Jung agreed that dreams could be retrospective in nature and reflect events in childhood, but he also felt that they could anticipate future events and could be great sources of creativity. City of London he believed dreams could have many different meanings according to the dreamer’s associations . For example, Jung disagreed with Freud’s focus on sexuality as a key motivating behavioural force, as well as believing Freud’s concept of the unconscious as too limited and overly negative. What was the cause between their intellectual break, and where did their differences lie? Donn, L. (2011). The two founding fathers of psychotherapy revolutionized the field, making psychology degrees popular. From this he went on to explore the influence of unconscious thought processes on various aspects of human behaviour and felt that amongst these forces the most powerful were the sexual desires in childhood which were repressed from the conscious mind. And as to the question who was the winner in the battle of Freud vs Jung, the answer is that modern day psychotherapy won, with their theories so important that they are still behind many psychotherapeutic approaches use today. Jung Position: Like Freud, Jung believed that dream analysis allowed for a window into the unconscious mind. The id forms our unconscious drives (mainly sex), and is not bound by morality but instead only seeks to satisfy pleasure. Top 10 Graduate Schools in Counseling and Psychology. During the arguments and correspondence between Freud and Jung, Freud accused Jung of anti-Semitism . This means that the contents of the collective unconscious are the same for each individuals within a culture. Jung criticised Freud for focusing purely on the external and objective aspects of a person’s dream rather than looking at both objective and subjective content. Many of their theories about the unconscious mind still serve as the basis for psychoanalysis and our understanding of human behavior. Jung, A.A. Brill, Ernest Jones, and Sándor Ferenczi posed at … Terrorism- Can Global Events Cause You Psychological Strain? Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The two founding fathers of psychotherapy revolutionized the field, making psychology degrees popular. One of the central disagreements between Jung and Freud was their differing conceptions of the unconscious. Jung was against the idea of a ‘dream dictionary’ where dreams are interpreted by fixed meanings. (2001). (Nietzsche Quoted by Jung to Freud, 1912). Freud had thwarted him by getting there first. You respect me; but how if one day your respect should tumble? Remember to show yourself some self-compassion tod, Are you doing self-care right?! Jung and Freud disagreed over the fundamentals and derivatives of dreams. There are several specific techniques displayed in the film that do really do show ideas originally developed by Freud and his direct followers. Content is produced by editor and lead writer Andrea Blundell, trained in person-centred counselling, and overseen by Dr Sheri Jacobson, clinical director, retired BACP senior therapist & host of TherapyLab. For Freud the result was a renewed commitment to orthodox Oedipal theory, while for Jung the result was his typology of individual differences that allowed him to validate different analytic approached, encompassing Freud's, Adler's, and Jung's own of sexual and aggressive feelings as they intersect with symbols of a collective unconscious. As they continued to argue, Jung claimed that the noise would happened again – which it did. Jung: The Key Ideas. As Freud tried to understand and explain their symptoms, he became increasingly interested in the role of the unconscious mind in the development of mental illness. Oxford Paperbacks. The author traces the development of Jung from his initial fascination with Freud's ideas to his gradual liberation from these powerful concepts and the final breakthrough into his own unique theories of man and the cosmos. Online Therapy - How Effective Is It, Really? Freud also believed that our dreams are able to access repressed or anxiety provoking thoughts (mainly sexually repressed desires) that cannot be entertained directly for fear of anxiety and embarrassment. He later changed his mind and opted for medicine. Carl Jung and the Journey of Self. Freud & Jung celebrating Jung's birthday at his home in Zurich, ca. Shambhala Publications. In the battle of Freud vs Jung, was there a winner? Wilson, C. (1988). They have fundamentally shaped our understanding of modern psychology and mental illness. Like Karl Marx, he felt that religion was the ‘opiate’ of the masses and that it should not be propagated. Psychology vs. Psychiatry: Do You Know the Difference? [Freud and Jung worlds apart ] Carl Jung 1910 – courtesy Wikipedia Jung was junior in the relationship. It was about this time that Freud began his own self-analysis, meticulously analysing his dreams in light of unconscious processes culminating in his next major work “The Interpretation of Dreams” (1901). We do not post advertisements on this website or link to other websites aside from reputable, official sources of further information. Archetypes are universally inherited prototypes which help us to perceive and act in a certain way. This lifelong interest in the paranormal and its impact on human psychology contributed significantly to the development of Jung’s influential but controversial theory of synchronicity. Jung also disagreed also with Oedipal impulses. His theories tell that religion plays a key role in individual development. The therapist is like a blank slate where the patient can place — transfer — fantasies, role models, etc. Utilising this vast knowledge, Jung believed that humans experienced the unconscious through numerous symbols encountered in various aspects of life such as dreams, art, and religion. Initially, he was a great admirer of Freud’s work, and after meeting him in Vienna in 1907 the story goes that the two talked for thirteen hours straight, resulting in an intense five year friendship. Jung had an inexhaustible knowledge of mythology, religion and philosophy, and was particularly knowledgeable in the symbolism connected to traditions such as Alchemy, Kabala, Buddhism and Hinduism. Though theoretical differences defined the ultimate breaking point of their friendship, they both acknowledged that the other man’s respective theories influenced their own ideas. While Jungian theory has numerous critics, Carl Jung’s work has left a notable impact on the field of psychology. This comparative study of the basic concepts of Freud and Jung is designed to give a comprehensive understanding of Jung's work. Jung believed the human psyche exists in three parts; the ego (the conscious mind), the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious (which included Jung’s ideas concerning Archetypes). Jung ultimately formed his own influential psychology school of thought known as analytical psychology, while much of Freudian psychoanalytic concepts grew directly out of his work with his patients. They later met in person when Jung traveled to Vienna in 1907 and the two men became fast friends. Jung and Astrology: Catching the Golden Scarab. In his Oedipus Complex, Freud suggests that male children have strong sexual desires towards their mothers and have savage resentment towards their fathers (competition for the mother). Freud’s Position: Freud believed the unconscious mind was the epicentre of our repressed thoughts, traumatic memories, and fundamental drives of sex and aggression. And why, then, should you not pluck at my laurels? The intense friendship between Freud and Jung began around the same time as the affair when Jung, then 30, sent his "Studies in Word Association" to Freud, then 50, in Vienna. Chiron Publications. Some scholars have suggested that Freud saw religion as the disguised psychological truths he felt lie at the heart of human mental distress. Program outcomes vary according to each institution's specific curriculum and employment opportunities are not guaranteed. Storr, A. By 1938 and the arrival of the Nazis in Austria, Freud left for London with his wife and children. Oxford Paperbacks. Their first meeting alone lasted twelve hours. As they continued to talk, Jung felt a weird sensation in his abdomen. Hogenson, G. (1994). Host Dr Sheri speaks to distinguished guests about their childhoods, psychological health challenges and their experiences of therapy, good and bad. This Swiss psychiatrist, who was born in 1875, was one of the most important psychoanalysts in the creation and constitution of psychoanalytic orientation. Thus, Jung became interested in Freud’s work. In which Mike Rugnetta teaches you about Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, and how a lot of their work was influenced by myth and mythology. Jung’s take on the human psyche was inspired by his studies into Eastern philosophy and religion such as Buddhism and Hinduism. But while Freud had first thought Jung the heir apparent to psychoanalysis, the relationship between the two began to rapidly deteriorate. The main differences can be seen in the idea of the unconscious, dream analysis and sexuality. Freud Fixation… (2011). Over time, cracks in the relationship began to occur. It is one-way. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung met in 1907 following a written correspondence begun the previous year when Jung sent Freud his Studies in Word Association. From this, young male children fear that their fathers will remove or damage their penises in punishment for their feelings towards their mother (Castration Anxiety). In April, 1906 Freud began a correspondence with the young psychiatrist, Carl Jung. From Freud to Jung: A Comparative Study of the Psychology of the Unconscious. This article attempts to highlight these differences through an elaborated understanding of the two theorists. Being the junior in the relationship Jung gave way to the senior view of Freud. Although he did not practice a specific religion, Jung was curious and explored religions from the archetypal view point, particularly Eastern philosophies and religions. Freud, in particular, was unhappy with Jung’s disagreement with some of the key concepts and ideas of Freudian theory. Freud argued that when we are awake our deepest desires are not acted upon because a) there are the considerations of reality (the ego) and also morality (the superego) . When Freud Met Jung The meeting of the minds happened 110 years ago Sigmund Freud, G. Stanley Hall, C.G. Believed that our unconscious mind holds all of our experiences, memories, and repressed materials. He claimed dreams speak in a distinctive language of symbols, images, and metaphors and that they portray both the external world (i.e. Psychiatry at this time took no interest in the psychological components of mental health, but simply viewed behaviour in light of the anatomical structures of the brain. Just as Jung became aware of these sensations a loud noise erupted from a bookcase standing next to them. The proximity of these two events led Jung to believe that it was no coincidence but an important link between the external and internal worlds of the individual. Though Freud had viewed Jung as the most innovative of his many followers, he was unhappy with Jung’s dismissal of some of his basic psychoanalytic tenets. This was based upon the idea that the archetypes and symbols present in many of the different religions all translate into the same meanings. For female children, the realisation that they do not have a penis, and that they cannot have a relationship with their mother, leads to penis envy in which they desire their father’s penis. FREUD AND JUNG 1 Introduction: This paper is an analysis of the differences and the similarities between the various teachings of dreams that was propagated by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. Freud and Jung: Years of Loss Friendship, Years of Loss. Finally, one of the more distinctive aspects of Jung’s dream theory was that dreams could express personal, as well as collective or universal contents. See our website policy here. Jung’s Struggle with Freud. Read some of the basic principles of the psychoanalytic theories devised by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung and decide who you most agree with. Freud and Jung: Years of Loss Friendship, Years of Loss. The Freud/Jung Letters: Correspondence Between Sigmund Freud and C.G Jung. Frey-Rohn, L. (1974). Mandala. Another difference between Freud and Jung is how they understand the phenomenon of transference. After spending four months abroad on placement in the Salpetrière clinic in Paris, Freud began to harbour an interest in “hysteria”, and particularly the hypnosis methods of its leading neurologist, Jean Martin Charcot. One repays a teacher badly if one remains only a pupil. The Freud/Jung Letters: Correspondence Between Sigmund Freud and C.G Jung. Freud believed that when we are in a conscious state of mind, we do not act upon our deepest desires because of the considerations of reality and morality. Routledge. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. This theory was inspired by a patient’s case where the patient dreamt of a golden scarab. Freud and Jung’s dream interpretations took different approaches as to the underlying cause of dream or the intended purpose of the dream: finality and the collective unconscious versus causality and they also used any acquired information in the interpretation differently. Jung’s Position: Jung also divided the human psyche into three parts. Jung’s position: Jung was heavily interested in the field of para-psychology and in particular psychic phenomenon such as telepathy and synchronicity (which would come to form part of his theories). Their theories, although differing, have had the greatest impact on our perception of the human mind, and their contributions to theory and practice have led to the development of successful psychological treatments for the wide spectrum of human distress. Founded in 2006, we are an award-winning group connecting you to highly experienced therapists in our London rooms and online worldwide. Freud believed that we can learn more about a person through their unconscious as opposed to through their conscious mind. Nevertheless, they are renowned for having significantly different approaches to the discipline He believed the libido was not just sexual energy, but instead generalized psychic energy. In 1923 Freud published “The Ego and the Id”, revising the structural make-up of the mind. Differences Between a Therapist and Psychologist. Freud believed that it requires an asymmetric relationship. Freud. Teach Yourself. In the Greek Tragedy, Oedipus Rex, a young man unknowingly murders his father, marries his mother and has several children by her. The object of his affection was Carl Gustav Jung: 19 years younger than Freud, the young psychiatrist was already the clinical director of the prestigious Burghölzli Hospital and a professor at the University of Zurich. Jung decided that what motivates and influences behaviour is a psychic energy or life force, of which sexuality could be only one potential manifestation. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung had very different approaches to psychology, but both are considered to be the founders of the modern psychoanalytic movement. Freud theorised that these anxieties will then be repressed and will play out through defence mechanisms and anxiety. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are considered the founding fathers of psychoanalytical psychology. Jung argued that our distant ancestor’s experience of universal concepts like God, water, and earth were transmitted through the generations. Monday – Friday 7am-10pm His concepts of introversion and extraversion have contributed extensively to personality psychology and have also greatly influenced psychotherapy. The trouble Freud had in breaking with Adler and Jung was that in doing so he appeared to be intolerant, unscientific and as a prompter of orthodoxy, but if he did not break with Adler and Jung he would be seen as endorsing their views even when they were opposed to him making Freud look as if he was contradicting himself. However, throughout this time he was plagued by cancer of the jaw, and after undergoing 30 operations, died in London on 23rd September 1939. This term was coined by Jung to describe ‘a causal connection of two or more psycho-physic phenomena’. In 1896, Minna Bernays, Martha Freud's sister, became a permanent member of the Freud household after the death of her fiancé. Freud, in particular, was unhappy with Jung’s disagreement with some of the key concepts and ideas of … Jung felt Freud’s concept of the unconscious was limited and instead of simply being a reservoir of repressed thoughts and motivations, as Freud believed, Jung argued that the unconscious could also be a source of creativity. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung had very different approaches to psychology, but both are considered to be the founders of the modern psychoanalytic movement. Teach Yourself. to be used for analysis. People in every time period have been influenced by their ancestor’s experiences. It was the job of the analyst to interpret these dreams in light of their true meaning. To Jung, the ego is the conscious, the personal unconscious includes memories (both recalled and suppressed) and the collective unconscious holds our experiences as a species or knowledge that we are born with (for example, love at first sight). individuals and places in a person’s day to day life), as well as the persons internal world (feelings, thoughts and emotions). In his youth, Jung often attended séances and his doctoral thesis investigated ‘The Psychology and Pathology of So Called Occult Phenomena’ which featured his cousin as the medium. Freud and Jung did not always see eye-to-eye, but their legacy of correspondences testifies to the impact shared by each. Palmer, M. (1997). Psychotherapeutic Approaches - What are the Main Schools of Thought? What is Individuation? Both men stared at each other in amazement but never spoke about the incident again. From Freud to Jung: A Comparative Study of the Psychology of the Unconscious. Freud’s Position: One of the biggest areas of conflicts, if not the biggest, between Freud and Jung was their differing views of human motivation. Freud, Adler and Jung book. Their efforts in a dynamic field has made psychology school a popular choice of study—and students are getting online psychology degrees in record numbers. Routledge. Some debate over who is right over Freud and Jung’s theories are questionable. He felt it was the biggest motivating force behind behaviour (and as such psychopathology). Although the medical establishment as whole disagreed with many of his theories, in 1910 Freud, along with a group of pupils and followers, founded the International Psychoanalytic Association, with Carl Jung as president . Snowden, R. (2010b). This universal or collective content was displayed through what Jung termed ‘Archetypes’. The ego is our conscious perceptions, memories and thoughts that enable us to deal effectively with reality. Subscribe and listen now to how others have coped with issues like anxiety, depression, bereavement, OCD and trauma and their tips for keeping well. Carl Jung, Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who founded analytic psychology. He also believed that the contents of the unconscious are not restricted to repressed material. #selfcare #in, What positive choice can you make in the name of s, Victim mentality is extremely common, and we can a, True happiness comes when we can be our authentic, Many people encourage others to ask for help when, This can feel like a slap in the face but thi, Ever assumed something that made you feel absolute, Core beliefs are assumptions about ourselves, othe.